Depression is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, how you think and how you act. Fortunately, it’s also treatable. Depression causes grief and loss of interest in activities that you once enjoyed. Depression is more than just feeling down and serious illness caused by changes in brain chemistry. Research tells us that other factors contributing to the emergence of depression, including genetics, and changes in levels of hormones. Stress and sadness or difficult life circumstances are also major causes of depression.
Women and men both are diagnosed with depression, but women are more likely to get treatment. Main factors that seem to increase the risk of depression are, some personal characteristics such as low self esteem, being also dependent and self-criticism. Severe depression is one of the most common mental illnesses affecting more than 16 million of American each year. Depression cause people to lose the fun of everyday life, and could complicate other medical conditions, and some serious cases lead to suicide. Scientists believe that up to 40 percent of people have genetically depression. Environmental and other factors make up 60 per cent.
Types Of Depression:
1-Major depressive disorder (MDD)
When people use the term depression, they are generally referring to major depressive disorder (MDD). Major depressive disorder a mood disorder characterized by a number of key features: mood depression disinterest in activities usually changes in weight, changes in sleep, difficulty in concentrating and guilt thoughts of death and suicide if the person is facing most of these symptoms for a while. Longer than two weeks, they will often diagnose MDD.
2-Persistent disorder of depression
This type refers to a type of chronic depression for more days atleast maximum for two years. It can be moderate or severe.
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by the period of abnormal elevated mood known as mania. This condition can be so far that require hospital treatment immediately otherwise affect the person sense of reality. People with bipolar depression is often a set of physical and psychological symptoms which may include: fatigue, insomnia, unexplained aches, lethargy, and loss of self esteem. Suicide risk in bipolar disease 15 times greater than the general population.
4- Postpartum Depression
Pregnancy can cause significant hormonal shifts that often affect women’s moods. Depression can be infected during pregnancy or after childbirth. Postpartum depression require medical treatment all the way up to postpartum psychosis when confusion and hallucinations in the mind.
5-Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
If you suffer from depression, sleepiness, weight gain during winter months but feels perfectly well in the spring, you may have a condition known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD), now called major depression disorders, with a seasonal pattern. Sad is more common in regions of the far North or South of the Earth now and can often be treated with light therapy for seasonal losses in daylight.
6-Premenstrual Dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
Among the most common symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are irritability, fatigue, anxiety, moodiness, bloating, increased appetite, aches and breast tenderness. They may include: extreme fatigue feeling sad, hopeless, or strong feelings of self stress.
Do you experience signs of depression (such as eating too much, sleeping too much, or extreme sensitivity to rejection) but suddenly find yourself in possitive acceptable mood.
If you have these symptoms, you may be diagnosed with atypical depression. Atypical depression is characterized by a certain set of symptoms related to: weight gain or excessive eating sleep fatigue and weakness and feeling very sensitive “weighed down” to firmly rejected mood reaction.
Best treatment for depression:
1-Set Goals and Routine
2- Exercise Daily
3- Eat Healthy and timely
4- Enough Sleep
5- Try to have full of fun